H.E. Mr. Abdelaziz Bouteflika
President of the People's Democratic Republic of
Mr. Abdelaziz Bouteflika was born on March
02, 1937. He started very early militating for the national
cause and joined the ranks of the National Liberation
Army (ALN) in 1956 when he was about to obtain his high
He was entrusted with a two-fold mission
of general controller of Wilaya 5 in 1957 and 1958. After
being high ranking officer in zones 4 and 7 of the Wilaya
5 (province 5), he was then transferred to the headquarters
(PC) of the aforementioned Wilaya to be named thereafter
successively with the Command Post of the military operations
command (COM) of the Western region, the Command Post
of the regional joint chief of staff for the West, then
the Command Post of the national joint chief of staff.
In 1960, he was transferred to the southernmost
borders of the country to assume the command of the "Mali
Front" of which creation was part of the measures
aiming at frustrating the colonial power's plans to divide
In 1961, he has made a trip to France
clandestinely in order to contact the historical leaders
who were detained in Aulnoy.
In 1962, he was a member of the Constituent
Assembly and became at the age of 25 Minister of Youth,
Sports and Tourism in the first government of independent
Algeria at the age of 25.
In 1963, he was member of the Legislative
Assembly and he was appointed during the same year to
the post of Foreign Affairs Minister.
In 1964, during the congress of the National
Liberation Front (FLN), he was elected member of the Central
Committee (CC) and of the Political Bureau (PB). Mr. Abdelaziz
Bouteflika has taken part in the revolutionary rectification
in the context of which was created the Council of the
Revolution of which he was member under the presidency
of President Houari Boumediene.
Confirmed in the functions of Foreign
Affairs Minister, he has conducted, until 1979, a diplomatic
action which has won Algeria prestige, radiance and influence
that have made it one of the leaders of the Third World.
Thus, Algeria held a key position for the great powers.
At the helms of the Algerian diplomacy, he has contributed,
in particular, to the defense of the legitimate interests
of the country, the support of the right causes throughout
the world, and the notorious successes which crowned the
Algeria's foreign policy, namely, in :
- the reinforcement and unification of
the Arab ranks during the conference of Khartoum in
1967, then, during the October 1973 war against Israel,
- the recognition by the international
community of the borders of Algeria and the establishment
of relations of fraternity and neighborliness with all
the bordering countries,
- the failure of the embargo which was
to be imposed on Algeria following the nationalization
of its hydrocarbons,
- the consolidation of the organizations
of the Third World and of the unity of their action
through the role which he played on the occasion of
the congress of the Group of 77, the African Summit
held in Algiers, and in the preparation of the various
meetings of the Non-Aligned,
- the support for the decolonization
in Africa and in the rest of the world,
- the recognition of Algeria as a spokesman
of the Third World in its quest for a new international
Mr. Abdelaziz Bouteflika was unanimously
elected president of the 29th session of the General Assembly
of the United Nations. He also chaired the sixth extraordinary
session of UNO devoted to energy and the raw materials
and of which convening Algeria was one of the countries
which militated for.
Mr. Abdelaziz Bouteflika contributed during
this same period to the definition of the main trends
of the national policy in all the fields, and called within
the leading instances for a greater flexibility of the
system. At the death of President Houari Boumediene of
whom he was one of the closest companions, Mr. Bouteflika
has expressed the Nation's deep feelings in his funeral
oration which had the greatest effect on millions of Algerians.
After 1978, Mr. Bouteflika became the
first target of "anti Boumedienism" and was
forced into exile during six years and half. He returned
to the country only in January 1987.
After the events of October 1988, Mr.
Bouteflika was one of the signatories of the "motion
of the 18".
Mr. Bouteflika who was invited to the
extraordinary congress of the FLN in 1989 was elected
member of the Central Committee of the Party.
Sounded out about being appointed to the
post of Minister Adviser to the High Council of State
(HCE) then to that of Permanent Representative of Algeria
to the United Nations, Mr. Bouteflika declined the offers.
He will also decline the offer made to
him in 1994 to take over the post of President of the
State within the framework of measures and provisions
relating to the transitional period.
In December 1998, he announced his decision
to participate as an independent candidate to the anticipated
presidential elections which were held on April 1999.
He was elected as President of the Republic
on April 15th 1999.